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How To Conduct A Urine Test


Both in the first world and third world countries, drug abuse is posing a challenge and becoming a health threat to many individuals. It not only affects an individual socially and psychologically but it can also bring about negative effects to the entire society. One of the most common methods of testing for drugs is by the use of urine. This is because the urine testing kit is cheap, readily available and it is also not very expensive. Urine testing has also proven to be an accurate method of testing for illegal substance use.

By using this particular method of testing, one has the ability to establish if an individual is using drugs or not. Most of the drugs that are abused and can be detected through a urine test include heroin, marijuana, cocaine and even ecstasy.

Here then below, we are going to see the procedure that one can undertake in conducting a urine test. This is meant to establish whether there is the presence of an illegal substance in the body of an individual or not.

Here are the steps:

Specimen collection

jkgg856This is a very important stage in the urine testing procedure. Much importance is attached to it since the integrity of the specimen will determine the validity of the end-result. This is why one must ensure that the specimen dish used is clean. It should also be unbreakable, dry and should not be having any leaks.

It is advisable that the specimen is collected under supervision to ensure integrity. Any alteration in the specimen can cause the invalidation of the final results. It is important to note that the process can be embarrassing to an individual at times.

Another formula that one can use to increase the effectiveness of the urine testing process is the use of random sampling. This is where one does not know when their sample will be collected and taken for examination. This way, the sensitivity of the drug detection program is increased.

The procedure

This step usually takes place in the laboratories. The procedure is classified into two categories: immunoassays and chromatography. The former is used for screening purposes, while the latter is used for the confirmation of the result. All the process wants to examine is the different concentration levels of substances in the urine. The presence or otherwise of a particular drug is determined or indicated by the amount of radioactivity that is witnessed during the laboratory processes.

Interpretation of results

klghkg896Both positive and negative results have their own meaning. The result is said to be positive if the drug being tested for is found in the urine. This is on condition that the entire testing process was undertaken with due diligence. But this cannot be used to conclude that the person was under the influence of that drug when the specimen was collected.

On the other hand, a negative result can have a number of interpretations. It can mean that the person is not using that drug completely or he or she may be consuming it in small amounts.

The urine testing method for drugs is the oldest and has been found to be minimally invasive and safe to a larger extent. This is why it is the most common method of testing for drugs. Do you want to know how to beat this type of test? Check out theĀ Whizzinator reviews.…

World health – challenges and solutions


Health is not such an easy thing to maintain. It is getting more expensive with each passing day. Not to mention the fact that the very meals and snacks you consume contribute immensely toward either your well or ill-being. As you draw your budget, you are advised to put something substantial aside for healthy meals, snacks, and drinks.

Not forgetting checkups to ensure that everything is okay inside your body. World health has suffered immensely since the introduction of some goods and products. Worse still, ignorance is rampant in some countries and continents. Some people engage in unacceptable practices such as giving ice cream to their kids for supper. Extreme as it may seem, sadly, it does happen. Here are some of the challenges that face world health as well as solutions.

Inadequate living conditions

Poor living conditionsThis has definitely got to be top of the list. The sad bit is that young and defenseless children are involved. A deeper look at this point will reveal to you how squalid this area is. Simply put, they are unfit for human habitation, but these same victims are pushed to the wall by circumstances. The World Health Organization (WHO), is supposed to be the organization responsible for handling such cases. For some reason, nothing seems to be moving. If so, their wheels seem to be grinding too slowly.

Inaccessible health centers and medicines

An unhealthy individual definitely needs to seek urgent and decent medical attention. Not forgetting the fact that the sick person in question might be unable to fend for themselves. Even if they were, some parts of the globe are unable to cater for their citizens medical well being. It could all be linked to the inability to set things right and prioritize the right things.

You can imagine how dire the situation is for people living with HIV/AIDS. They are supposed to take some drugs known as antiretrovirals which are popularly known as ARVs. Failure to adhere to this medication could lead to other complications.

Poor dieting

Poor diet This is the part where we nip it all in the bud. Most health problems stem from lack of a proper and healthier diet. For instance, encouraging young children and adults alike to include milk and vegetables in their diet is paramount.

These are the key agents to fighting off diseases as well as illness-causing organisms in our bodies. It might come as a challenge especially to those that can not afford it. The good news is that there are other viable options to be considered. Well-meaning organizations and other support groups have taken quite a huge step that must be emulated.

Solutions to world health challenges

It is encouraging and comforting to know that despite the raging challenges faced worldwide, there are lasting solutions. They include;

  • Maintaining healthy and habitable living conditions. Cleaning up the place and putting it in order will keep diseases away. Not forgetting the availability of clean water to drink.
  • Walk the talk – Our leaders have been holding conventions and talks to this effect, but nothing much is being done. It would be a lot easier if what is discussed is implemented with immediate effect.

Factors to consider when buying baby diapers


Having a baby means having to always buy diapers until when the baby will be old enough to control his/her bodily functions. Diapering your baby will help you deal with less mess, giving you convenience and more flexibility. There are many different types of diapers in the current market, and choosing the best for your baby can be a bit of a challenge to many.

Factors to consider when choosing baby diapers

To make the best choice, there are a number of factors which you need to put into consideration. Some of the main ones are highlighted below.


There are many designs of diapers that you can choose from. Your choice should mainly be determined by your tastes and preferences, as long as the design does not interfere with the function of the diaper. Some of the noticeable variations are in thickness, strapping, shape, weight, perfume, and color among many others. Ensure that the design you choose offers the most comfort to your baby and is easy to work with.


The size of the diapers is the most obvious consideration to make. There are various diaper sizes, and choosing the right fit for your baby can be a little challenging. Most of the diapers usually use the weight and age of the baby as a guideline to size. However, do not rely on that fully, as different babies usually have different body sizes, even those with the same weight. You will have to get a diaper that fits your baby comfortably, irrespective of what is indicated on the package.


There are many different diaper brands available in the current market, with more coming up all the time. Choose a brand that is well known and has been in the market for a long time. Such brands get their good reputation from offering high-quality products, which should be what you are after.


jtfue56r7er67uyYou will have to factor in the price while making your decision. Your budget can be a good guide on this, helping you to narrow down your options. In most cases, premium brands will cost a lot more, but will also offer better performance. For example, they can be easy to put on, retain more water, and have a soothing effect on the baby. Ensure that you check the quality of the diapers carefully as some are simply priced high as a marketing strategy but are not worth the price. Those that are extremely cheap may also be an indication of very poor quality, which leads to poor performance.…

Buying Gym Equipment For Your Home


Doctors recommend doing exercise on a regular basis. This is perhaps because of the many benefits that it has to offer. Some of the benefits include weight control, stronger immune system, improved mental health, great looks, and better heart health among many others. One of the most effective ways of exercising is working out in a gym. However, not everyone has enough time to follow a strict commercial gym schedule. To solve this problem, you can invest in home gym equipment to allow you to work out from home, on your own schedule.

Main factors to consider

There are a number of things, which you need to consider before making your purchase for it to be a worthwhile investment. Some of the main factors to consider are highlighted below.


Different pieces of gym equipment have different sizes, even when the overall exercise function is the same. You need to measure the space that you intend to allocate for your home gym and ensure the particular equipment will fit as well as leave enough space for you to work out comfortably. An alternative for this would be a piece that can easily be disassembled or folded after a workout session for easy storage.


You should check the quality of the equipment and ensure it has adequate standards before investing your money. High quality means that the equipment will give you service for longer as well as require minimal repairs and maintenance. With high quality, you will also get better guarantees for safety, minimizing the risk of getting injuries during your workouts. Being more comfortable and looking great are other advantages that you will get to enjoy with buying high-quality gym equipment. In most cases, higher quality means higher prices, but they usually offer more value for money.


ryjtesrd5tgyirdytfuyThe price of the various gym equipment will help you to narrow down your options. Ensure that you come up with a reasonable budget that has a breakdown of all the pieces of equipment that you need. When buying a particular item, ensure that it is within your budget range. Also, compare the prices from various stores and ensure that you go with the best deal. Remember to factor in all costs such as transportation of the equipment to your home. You can also take advantage of any sales offers available.…